INTRODUCTION TO INDIAN(desi) AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY

BRIEF HISTORY

An green horned automotive industry come to light in India in the 1940's..
first car or a four wheeled vehicle hit the Indian roads in 1897. At that time there was no Indian automotive industry at all.
In 1952, the government appointed the first Tariff Commission, one of whose purposes was to come out with a feasibility plan for the indigenization of the Indian automobile industry.
In 1953, an import substitution programme was launched, and the import of fully built-up cars began to barred.
In 1953, the commission submitted their report, which recommended categorizing existing Indian car companies according to their manufacturing infrastructure, with licensed capacity to manufacture a certain number of vehicles, with capacity increases allowable, as per demands, in the future.
In 1954, following the Tariff Commission implementation, General Motors, Ford, and Rootes Group, which had assembly-only plants in Mumbai, decided to move out of India.




about some Indian automobile industry :





HINDUSTAN MOTORS :


(Hindustan Motors was launched in 1942)










Hindustan Motors was the producer of the AMBASSDOR (amby)  motorcar, which was once a common in India.
Production of the Ambassador shutdown on 24 May 2014.
Hindustan Motors  was the largest car manufacturer in India before the rise of Maruti Udyog.
Hindustan Motors is an Indian automotive manufacturer based in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
The first car to roll out from the Uttarpara plant was the Hindustan 10.


amby
HINDUSTAN MOTORS AMBASSDOR(amby)

Hindustan Motors Limited (HML), was once India's pioneering automobile manufacturing company. It was established just before Indian independence, in 1942 by Mr. B. M. Birla of the industrialist Birla family in collaboration with Lord Nuffield of Morris Motors who were already selling their cars in India. Commencing operations in a small assembly plant in Port Okha near Gujarat, the manufacturing facilities later moved to Uttarpara, West Bengal in 1948, where it began the production of the Morris designed Hindustan Ambassador. The HM-Mitsubishi Motors Plant is in Tiruvallur near Chennai in Tamil Nadu.






PREMIER :


(Premier pvt.ltd launched in 1944)








this company followed the HM and launched PADMINI which was as good as amby.
Premier Ltd. (formerly The Premier Automobiles Limited) is a manufacturer of vehicles based in Mumbai, India. The company is owned by the Walchand Group. Walchand established Premier Ltd. with the encouragement and support of architect of modern India, Sir. M. Vishweswarayya. In October 1947 Premier Ltd. manufactured the first Indian made trucks and cars rolled out onto the streets of a free India

premier padmini
PREMIER PADMINI

company was established in 1941 and negotiated with Chrysler Corporation for licenses to build a Plymouth car and a Dodge truck, sold under the Dodge, Plymouth, DeSoto, and Fargo names starting around 1949.Premier licensed and manufactured a version of the Fiat 1100 D (beginning in 1964 continuing almost unchanged into the late 1990s). The car was initially marketed as a Fiat ("1100 Delight") and subsequently as the Premier Padmini with a 40 hp (30 kW) 1100 cc engine and manufactured at the now defunct Kurla factory in suburban Mumbai. Later models included the Premier 118NE (named after its 1171 cc Nissan A12 engine and with a transmission from the Nissan Cherry), a version of the 1960s Fiat 124 built in a then-new (but now defunct) factory at Kalyan. The 118NE was considered a mid-size luxury car in India until the influx of modern cars in the 1990s.




MAHINDRA & MAINDRA :

(mahindra & mahindra was established in 1945)





Mahindra & Mahindra was set up as a steel trading company in 1945 in Ludhiana as Mahindra & Mohammed by brothers K.C. Mahindra and J.C. Mahindra and Malik Ghulam Mohammed.
Mahindra & Mhanidra  began assembly of Jeep CJ-3A utility vehicles. Company saw a business opportunity in expanding into manufacturing and selling larger MUVs, starting with the assembly under licence of the Willys Jeep in India. Soon established as the Jeep manufacturers of India, the company later commenced manufacturing light commercial vehicles (LCVs) and agricultural tractors.

MAHINDRA WILLY JEEP

After India gained independence and Pakistan was formed, Malik Gulamm Mohammed emigrated to Pakistan where he became that country's first finance minister. The company changed its name from Mahindra & Mohammed  to Mahindra & Mahindra in 1948. The company has built and assembled military vehicles, commencing in 1947 with the importation of the Willys Jeep that had been widely used in World War II. Its line of military vehicles include the Axe. It also maintains a joint venture with BAE Systems, Defence Land Systems India.





MARUTI UDYOG :


(Maruti was established in February 1981) 












The actual production commenced only in 1983. It started with the Maruti 800, based on the Suzuki Alto kei car. As of May 2007, the Government of India, through Ministry of Disinvestment,  sold its complete share to Indian financial institutions and no longer has any stake in Maruti Udyog.


 MARUTI 800


The start of the Indian car Industry liberalization can be attributed to the setting up of a company called Maruti Ltd by Mr. Sanjay Gandhi in June 1971. This was the time when Sanjay, Indira Gandhi’s son, was all-powerful with almost dictatorial powers. He had the Government of India’s mandate, with an industrial license, to make a people’s car in India.. The early death of Sanjay Gandhi on 23 June 1980 put an end to all these plans and Maruti produced no cars during Sanjay’s lifetime.After Sanjay’s death, Indira Gandhi encouraged the formation of a new Company called Maruti Udyog Ltd and entered into an agreement with Suzuki of Japan to jointly produce cheap small cars in India. Suzuki was given 36% shares of Maruti Udyog Ltd. Mrs Indira Gandhi herself, in 1983 ceremoniously sold the first production car of Maruti Udyog Ltd. to Mr. Harpal Singh, who got the allotment through a lucky draw.  Now the company is knwon as MARUTI SUZUKI



After all these compies various other companies also came in lights like tata motors , force motors , standard motors, Ashok but above  mentioned companies were stars Indian Automobile Industry who started all this ..
Yeah and this was time where actual evolution was taking place every company was trying there best to put better machines on the road. All companies were seeking for new ideas , requirement of Indian. Procdution and consumption was increased..
Now various companies launched various vehical for a specific use , for specific purpose. Categorisation of  cars was started like LIGHT  or HEAVY  or  SPORTS UTILITY VEHICALS SEDAN HATCHBACK , LIGHT  or  HEAVY COMMERCIAL VEHICAL.



SOME OTHER INFORMANTION:


  • The Maharaja of Patiala (Punjab) imported the first motor car into India in 1892. It was a French De Dion Bouton steam powered two cylinder tricar.  




this model of car was owned by Mahraja.








  • In 1893 the American Ransom Eli Olds obtained his first export order, a 4 wheeled Olds steam car which was despatched by ship to India – but it didn’t arrive. The ship sank on the way there. It was a first car which was imported from USA.
  • There is a report that the first car was driven in Calcutta in 1896. 
  •      Mr Foster owned a car in Bombay in 1897.
  • In 1898 a car was brought into India by H Hewitt. 
  • In about 1901 three Curved Dash Oldsmobile models were brought into India and sold to Jamshedji Tata, founder of the Tata Group of Industries, Rustam Cama, an attorney and Kavasji Wadia of Bombay Garage.  
  • In 1926 the Ford Motor Company of Canada established India’s first Automobile assembly plant. 
  • In 1928, Chevrolet/GM set up an assembly plant in Sewree. The first car produced was the 24.7 hp National Series AB Touring Model.
  • GM and Ford stopped car production in India in 1954.
  • India produced 500,301 cars in 2001 and 1,056,881 in 2005.




Quote -
The cars we drive say a lot about us.


IF YOU FIND THIS BLOG INTRESTING DO SHARE THIS BLOG.



Comments

  1. Nice blog thanks for shareing instersting information about selfdriving .

    commodity trading tips

    ReplyDelete

Post a Comment

Popular Posts